Gnathology

Gnathology in Wuppertal. Gnathology is a branch of medicine that comprehensively studies the temporomandibular joint, jaws, muscles, teeth, ligaments and their interaction. This is a fairly new, complex science, with many different approaches to treatment. However, most dental professionals believe that the gnathological approach should be considered in any serious work to restore the work of the maxillary system.

However, due to the fact that it is prosthetics and bite correction that involve the greatest changes in bite, occlusion (the way the teeth close), the most common gnathologists are orthopedists and orthodontists.

Diagnostics in gnathology

At the examination, doctors should find out:

  1. Condition and function of the temporomandibular joint.
  2. The muscles responsible for the work of the jaw.
  3. How the lower jaw moves.
  4. Occlusion (occlusion) of the teeth, etc.

A large number of devices can be used for this examination as prescribed by the physician, such as:

  • MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) and CT (computed tomography). To examine the condition of the joint, jaws.
  • Axiograph, articulator. To record and analyze jaw motion.
  • Other apparatuses. Various devices for analyzing jaw function, muscle condition, occlusion, etc.

Treatment methods

Due to the fact that gnathology is a complex, complex science – there are different approaches to treatment. Conventionally, they can be divided into two large blocks:

  • Some doctors focus more on the muscles holding the jaw, their relaxation and further normalization of work.
  • Others base treatment on correct bite, occlusion, precise analysis of jaw motion, and very precise prosthetics (including prosthetics according to Slaviczek, the founder of the concept).

Stages of treatment Gnathology in Wuppertal

  1. Muscle relaxation, correct jaw alignment
    Splint therapy is often used for this purpose. The patient is fabricated a special dental onlay that is worn permanently, except during mealtimes and hygiene. Because the teeth close properly with the overlay, the muscles and joints are gradually relieved. As a rule, it allows you to get rid of unpleasant symptoms.
  2. To consolidate the result obtained. Once the necessary condition is found, when the dentoalveolar system is not overloaded, this condition should be fixed.

For this purpose, it is carried out:

  • orthodontic treatment in necessary cases;
  • partial or total prosthetics (first temporary, then permanent).

 

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