Tartar removal

Tartar removal Wuppertal. The most popular and safe method of getting rid of tartar is to use an ultrasonic handpiece. Hard deposits on the teeth are broken down by mechanical vibrations. It does not traumatize the enamel, does not leave cracks on it. And the result – perfectly clean teeth – pleases any patient.

What is tartar removal?

Already after about 2 hours after brushing your teeth, plaque will form on them. It is a film made up of bacteria, saliva, and tiny food particles. At first this film is soft, but over time inorganic substances begin to accumulate. This leads to hardening, which results in tartar. According to the location it comes in these types:

  • over gingival – located on the surface of the teeth above the gingival margin, and therefore easily detected by visual inspection. It consists mainly of components of saliva and has a white or yellowish hue. This pathology occurs in about 50% of children, 60-70% of young people, and almost all people over 40 years of age;
  • under gingival – adjacent to the root of the tooth, and therefore a special probe must be used to detect it. These are dense brown deposits whose source of mineralization is the gingival fluid. As a rule, they occur in people who are over 40 years old.

Why is cleaning necessary?

Tartar cleaning is required because its presence is a health hazard. It can lead to various negative consequences:

  • the development of tooth decay;
  • inflammation of mucous membranes;
  • gingivitis, which can develop into periodontitis

Ultimately, if the problem is neglected, you can lose teeth. In addition, it is important to note that the problem is also aesthetic, as the enamel darkens. Tartar removal Wuppertal.

The presence of tartar is a contraindication for a huge number of dental procedures. This is an obstacle to quality fillings and dentures. Dental stone cleaning.

Causes of tartar removal

Pathology appears for a variety of reasons, but the main one is improper oral hygiene. Even if you brush your teeth twice a day, it is not always a reliable protection. The use of poor-quality brushes and pastes can also lead to tartar.

In addition to this, it will appear for a variety of other reasons:

  • absence of solid food in the diet;
  • improper distribution of the chewing load;
  • metabolic disorder, which changes the mineral composition of saliva.

What removal methods do dentists use?

Tartar removal Wuppertal. Dental stone cleaning. Modern dentistry has many methods that allow for effective treatment:

  • mechanical – removal is carried out with a boron. At the moment, this method is considered outdated, because it is impossible to remove subgingival deposits. It is also painful for the patient;
  • Ultrasonic is an effective and most common method that allows you to remove both visible and hidden deposits, as well as get rid of pathogenic bacteria. If the enamel is thin, the procedure can be painful, and therefore it is often performed under local anesthesia;
  • laser – a gentle technique in which deposits are broken down layer by layer and then removed from the mouth with the help of water and air jets. This procedure is painless;
  • chemical – involves the use of specialized compositions that contain alkalis and acids. These formulations soften the deposits, which makes them easy to remove. This is a fairly effective and painless procedure, but it cannot be used to deal with subgingival deposits.

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